GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Italy, a European country with a long Mediterranean coastline, has left a powerful mark on Western culture (and cuisine)... Its capital, Rome, is home to the Vatican as well as landmark art and ancient ruins. Other major cities include Florence, with Renaissance masterpieces such as Michelangelo’s ""David"" and Brunelleschi's Duomo; Venice, the city of canals; and Milan, Italy’s fashion capital.

Flag of Italy

COUNTRY FACTS

POPULATION

58,742,000

RELIGION

Roman Catholic

CAPITAL

Rome (2,628,000)

LIFE EXPECTANCY

80

GDP PER CAPITA

U.S. $25,100

AREA

301,333 square kilometers (116,345 square miles)

LANGUAGE

Italian

LITERACY PERCENT

99

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LOCATIONS EXPERIENCED

Italy -Lazio-Bracciano-434 COVER

BRACCIANO

Bracciano is a small town in the Italian region of Lazio, 30 kilometres northwest of Rome. The town is famous for its volcanic lake and for the particularly well-preserved medieval castle ""Orsini-Odescalchi"".

Italy -Lazio-Castelnuovo di Porto-Other pictures Castelnuovo-12953 COVER

CASTELNUOVO DI PORTO

Castelnuovo di Porto is a small medieval town located about 25 kilometres north of Rome.

Italy -Liguria-Genova-Lavagna-16795 COVER

GENOVA

Genoa (Genova) is a port city and the capital of northwest Italy's Liguria region. It is known for its central role in maritime trade over many centuries. In the old town stands the Romanesque Cathedral of San Lorenzo, with its black-and-white-striped facade and frescoed interior. Narrow lanes open onto monumental squares like Piazza de Ferrari, site of an iconic bronze fountain and the Teatro Carlo Felice opera house.

Italy -Liguria-San Bernardo di Mendatica-80s-4977 COVER

IMPERIA AND SURROUNDINGS

Imperia is a coastal city and comune in the region of Liguria.

Italy -Campania-Napoli-1126 COVER

NAPOLI

Dating to the 2nd millennium B.C., Naples has centuries of important art and architecture. The city's cathedral, the Duomo di San Gennaro, is filled with frescoes. Other major landmarks include the lavish Royal Palace and Castel Nuovo, a 13th-century castle.

Pompei is a vast archaeological site located near Naples. Once a thriving and sophisticated Roman city, Pompei was buried in meters of ash and pumice after the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Near the coast of the Bay of Naples, the well-preserved site features excavated ruins that visitors can freely explore.

Finally, Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano located about 9 km east of Naples. It is one of several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc.

Italy -Tuscany-Pisa-4214 COVER

PISA

Pisa is a city in Italy's Tuscany region, best known for its iconic Leaning Tower. Already tilting when it was completed in 1372, the 56m white-marble cylinder is the bell tower of the Romanesque, striped-marble cathedral that rises next to it in the Piazza dei Miracoli. Also in the piazza is the Baptistry, whose renowned acoustics are demonstrated by amateur singers daily, and the Caposanto Monumentale cemetery.

Italy -Lazio-Rieti-13310 COVER

RIETI

Rieti is a city in central Italy. The town centre rests on a small hilltop, commanding from the southern edge the wide Rieti valley, at the bottom of the Sabine mountains and of Monti Reatini.

Italy-Lazio-Rome-Centro-Storico-(historical-center)-Piazza-Navona-7066 COVER

ROME

Rome, Italy’s capital, is a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display. Ancient ruins such as the Forum and the Colosseum evoke the power of the former Roman Empire. Vatican City, headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, has St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums, which house masterpieces such as Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel frescoes.

Italy -Tuscany-Siena-12790 COVER

SIENA

Siena, a city in central Italy’s Tuscany region, is distinguished by its medieval brick buildings. The fan-shaped central square, Piazza del Campo, is the site of the Palazzo Pubblico, the Gothic town hall, and Torre del Mangia, a slender 14th-century tower with sweeping views from its distinctive white crown. The city’s 17 historic “contrade” (districts) extend outward from the central square.

Italy -Lazio-Terminillo-2708 COVER

TERMINILLO

Monte Terminillo is a mountain in the Monti Reatini, part of the Abruzzi Apennine range in central Italy. It is located some 20 km from Rieti and 100 km from Rome and has a highest altitude of 2,217 metres.

Italy -Lazio-Tivoli-Villa D'Este-Gardens (Gardini di Villa d'Este)-19976 COVER

TIVOLI

Tivoli is a town and comune in Lazio, central Italy, about 30 kilometres north-east of Rome. The city offers a wide view over the Roman countryside.

Italy -Umbria-Todi-12629 COVER

TODI

Todi is a hilltop town in Umbria. Among the medieval buildings framing the central Piazza del Popolo are the People’s Palace and the Captain’s Palace. The latter houses the Civic Museum and Gallery. Beneath the square are two Roman cisterns, part of a series of subterranean tunnels and wells dating from as far back as the 2nd century B.C.

turin-cover-500

TURIN

Turin, the capital city of Piedmont in northern Italy, is known for its refined architecture and cuisine. The Alps rise to the northwest of the city. Stately baroque buildings and old cafes line Turin's boulevards and grand squares such as Piazza Castello and Piazza San Carlo. Nearby is the soaring spire of the Mole Antonelliana, a 19th-century tower housing the interactive National Cinema Museum.

Italy -Veneto-Venice-Giudecca-Other pictures Giudecca-14416 COVER

VENICE

Venice, the capital of northern Italy’s Veneto region, is built on more than 100 small islands in a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea. It has no roads, just canals – including the Grand Canal thoroughfare – lined with Renaissance and Gothic palaces. The central square, Piazza San Marco, contains St. Mark’s Basilica, which is tiled with Byzantine mosaics, and the Campanile bell tower offering views of the city’s red roofs.

BRACCIANO

Italy -Lazio-Bracciano-434 COVER

Bracciano is a small town in the Italian region of Lazio, 30 kilometres northwest of Rome. The town is famous for its volcanic lake and for the particularly well-preserved medieval castle ""Orsini-Odescalchi"".

CASTELNUOVO DI PORTO

Italy -Lazio-Castelnuovo di Porto-Other pictures Castelnuovo-12953 COVER

Castelnuovo di Porto is a small medieval town located about 25 kilometres north of Rome.

GENOVA

Italy -Liguria-Genova-Lavagna-16795 COVER

Genoa (Genova) is a port city and the capital of northwest Italy's Liguria region. It is known for its central role in maritime trade over many centuries. In the old town stands the Romanesque Cathedral of San Lorenzo, with its black-and-white-striped facade and frescoed interior. Narrow lanes open onto monumental squares like Piazza de Ferrari, site of an iconic bronze fountain and the Teatro Carlo Felice opera house.

IMPERIA AND SURROUNDINGS

Italy -Liguria-San Bernardo di Mendatica-80s-4977 COVER

Imperia is a coastal city and comune in the region of Liguria.

NAPOLI

Italy -Campania-Napoli-1126 COVER

Dating to the 2nd millennium B.C., Naples has centuries of important art and architecture. The city's cathedral, the Duomo di San Gennaro, is filled with frescoes. Other major landmarks include the lavish Royal Palace and Castel Nuovo, a 13th-century castle.

Pompei is a vast archaeological site located near Naples. Once a thriving and sophisticated Roman city, Pompei was buried in meters of ash and pumice after the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Near the coast of the Bay of Naples, the well-preserved site features excavated ruins that visitors can freely explore.

Finally, Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano located about 9 km east of Naples. It is one of several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc.

PISA

Italy -Tuscany-Pisa-4214 COVER

Pisa is a city in Italy's Tuscany region, best known for its iconic Leaning Tower. Already tilting when it was completed in 1372, the 56m white-marble cylinder is the bell tower of the Romanesque, striped-marble cathedral that rises next to it in the Piazza dei Miracoli. Also in the piazza is the Baptistry, whose renowned acoustics are demonstrated by amateur singers daily, and the Caposanto Monumentale cemetery.

RIETI

Italy -Lazio-Rieti-13310 COVER

Rieti is a city in central Italy. The town centre rests on a small hilltop, commanding from the southern edge the wide Rieti valley, at the bottom of the Sabine mountains and of Monti Reatini.

ROME

Italy-Lazio-Rome-Centro-Storico-(historical-center)-Piazza-Navona-7066 COVER

Rome, Italy’s capital, is a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display. Ancient ruins such as the Forum and the Colosseum evoke the power of the former Roman Empire. Vatican City, headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, has St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums, which house masterpieces such as Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel frescoes.

SIENA

Italy -Tuscany-Siena-12790 COVER

Siena, a city in central Italy’s Tuscany region, is distinguished by its medieval brick buildings. The fan-shaped central square, Piazza del Campo, is the site of the Palazzo Pubblico, the Gothic town hall, and Torre del Mangia, a slender 14th-century tower with sweeping views from its distinctive white crown. The city’s 17 historic “contrade” (districts) extend outward from the central square.

TERMINILLO

Italy -Lazio-Terminillo-2708 COVER

Monte Terminillo is a mountain in the Monti Reatini, part of the Abruzzi Apennine range in central Italy. It is located some 20 km from Rieti and 100 km from Rome and has a highest altitude of 2,217 metres.

TIVOLI

Italy -Lazio-Tivoli-Villa D'Este-Gardens (Gardini di Villa d'Este)-19976 COVER

Tivoli is a town and comune in Lazio, central Italy, about 30 kilometres north-east of Rome. The city offers a wide view over the Roman countryside.

TODI

Italy -Umbria-Todi-12629 COVER

Todi is a hilltop town in Umbria. Among the medieval buildings framing the central Piazza del Popolo are the People’s Palace and the Captain’s Palace. The latter houses the Civic Museum and Gallery. Beneath the square are two Roman cisterns, part of a series of subterranean tunnels and wells dating from as far back as the 2nd century B.C.

TURIN

turin-cover-500

Turin, the capital city of Piedmont in northern Italy, is known for its refined architecture and cuisine. The Alps rise to the northwest of the city. Stately baroque buildings and old cafes line Turin's boulevards and grand squares such as Piazza Castello and Piazza San Carlo. Nearby is the soaring spire of the Mole Antonelliana, a 19th-century tower housing the interactive National Cinema Museum.

VENICE

Italy -Veneto-Venice-Giudecca-Other pictures Giudecca-14416 COVER

Venice, the capital of northern Italy’s Veneto region, is built on more than 100 small islands in a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea. It has no roads, just canals – including the Grand Canal thoroughfare – lined with Renaissance and Gothic palaces. The central square, Piazza San Marco, contains St. Mark’s Basilica, which is tiled with Byzantine mosaics, and the Campanile bell tower offering views of the city’s red roofs.

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