GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Peru is a country in South America that is home to a section of the Amazon rainforest and Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains. The region around Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, the Inca Trail and the colonial city of Cusco, is rich in archaeological sites. On Peru’s arid Pacific coast is Lima, the capital, with a well-preserved colonial center and an important collections of pre-Columbian art.

Peru Flag

COUNTRY FACTS

POPULATION

33,105,273

RELIGION

Roman Catholicism, Protestants

CAPITAL

Lima (8,852,000)

LIFE EXPECTANCY

75

GDP PER CAPITA

U.S. $7,118

AREA

1,285,216 square kilometers (496,225 square miles)

LANGUAGE

Spanish

LITERACY PERCENT

94.15

FABIO'S REVIEW

Coming soon!

LOCATIONS EXPERIENCED

Peru-Abancay-2955 COVER

ABANCAY

Abancay is a city in Peru's Apurímac region. In the northeast, the Mirador de Taraccasa lookout offers panoramic views over the city. To the north, the Santuario Nacional Ampay features protected forest sheltering pumas and spectacled bears. Northeast of the city, the Sayhuite archaeological complex has stone ruins and an elaborately carved boulder. The Cconoc Thermal Baths lie farther east by the Apurímac River.

Peru-Cusco-Plaza-De-Armas-5106 COVER

CUSCO

Cusco, a city in the Peruvian Andes, was once capital of the Inca Empire, and is now known for its archaeological remains and Spanish colonial architecture. Plaza de Armas is the central square in the old city, with arcades, carved wooden balconies and Incan wall ruins. The baroque Santo Domingo Convent was built on top of the Incan Temple of the Sun (Qoricancha), and has archaeological remains of Inca stonework.

Peru-Huacachina-Dune-Buggy-11602 COVER

HUACACHINA

Huacachina is a desert oasis and tiny village just west of the city of Ica in southwestern Peru. At its center are the green waters of the Huacachina Lagoon, ringed by palm trees and thought to have therapeutic properties. The lagoon's shores are dotted with bars and clubs. Dune buggies run across the high, rolling sand dunes surrounding the village.

Peru-Lima-City-center-6256 COVER

LIMA

Lima, the capital of Peru, lies on the country's arid Pacific coast. Though its colonial center is well preserved, it is a bustling metropolis and one of South America’s largest cities. It is home to the Museo Larco, featuring a collection of pre-Columbian art, and the Museo de la Nación, tracing the history of Peru’s ancient civilizations. The Plaza de Armas and the 16th-century cathedral are the heart of old Lima.

Peru-Machu-Picchu-Machu-Picchu-Citadel-Other-pictures-of-Machu-Picchu-Citadel-10194 COVER

MACHU PICCHU

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned, it is renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery.

Peru-Nazca-12045 COVER

NAZCA

Nazca is a city on the southern coast of Peru. Its name is derived from the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 100 BC and 800 AD.

Peru-Puquio-2256 COVER

PUQUIO

Puquio is a tiny village in the Andes. It takes its names from the Puquios, an old system of subterranean aqueducts near the city of Nazca (out of 36 Puquios, most are still functioning and relied upon to bring fresh water into the arid desert).

Peru-Tumbes-12455 COVER

TUMBES

Tumbes is a city in northwestern Peru, on the banks of the Tumbes River. Located near the border with Ecuador, it has a population of approx. 111,000 inhabitants.

ABANCAY

Peru-Abancay-2955 COVER

Abancay is a city in Peru's Apurímac region. In the northeast, the Mirador de Taraccasa lookout offers panoramic views over the city. To the north, the Santuario Nacional Ampay features protected forest sheltering pumas and spectacled bears. Northeast of the city, the Sayhuite archaeological complex has stone ruins and an elaborately carved boulder. The Cconoc Thermal Baths lie farther east by the Apurímac River.

CUSCO

Peru-Cusco-Plaza-De-Armas-5106 COVER

Cusco, a city in the Peruvian Andes, was once capital of the Inca Empire, and is now known for its archaeological remains and Spanish colonial architecture. Plaza de Armas is the central square in the old city, with arcades, carved wooden balconies and Incan wall ruins. The baroque Santo Domingo Convent was built on top of the Incan Temple of the Sun (Qoricancha), and has archaeological remains of Inca stonework.

HUACACHINA

Peru-Huacachina-Dune-Buggy-11602 COVER

Huacachina is a desert oasis and tiny village just west of the city of Ica in southwestern Peru. At its center are the green waters of the Huacachina Lagoon, ringed by palm trees and thought to have therapeutic properties. The lagoon's shores are dotted with bars and clubs. Dune buggies run across the high, rolling sand dunes surrounding the village.

LIMA

Peru-Lima-City-center-6256 COVER

Lima, the capital of Peru, lies on the country's arid Pacific coast. Though its colonial center is well preserved, it is a bustling metropolis and one of South America’s largest cities. It is home to the Museo Larco, featuring a collection of pre-Columbian art, and the Museo de la Nación, tracing the history of Peru’s ancient civilizations. The Plaza de Armas and the 16th-century cathedral are the heart of old Lima.

MACHU PICCHU

Peru-Machu-Picchu-Machu-Picchu-Citadel-Other-pictures-of-Machu-Picchu-Citadel-10194 COVER

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned, it is renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery.

NAZCA

Peru-Nazca-12045 COVER

Nazca is a city on the southern coast of Peru. Its name is derived from the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 100 BC and 800 AD.

PUQUIO

Peru-Puquio-2256 COVER

Puquio is a tiny village in the Andes. It takes its names from the Puquios, an old system of subterranean aqueducts near the city of Nazca (out of 36 Puquios, most are still functioning and relied upon to bring fresh water into the arid desert).

TUMBES

Peru-Tumbes-12455 COVER

Tumbes is a city in northwestern Peru, on the banks of the Tumbes River. Located near the border with Ecuador, it has a population of approx. 111,000 inhabitants.

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