GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country on the South China Sea known for its beaches, rivers, Buddhist pagodas and bustling cities. Hanoi, the capital, pays homage to the nation’s iconic Communist-era leader, Ho Chi Minh, via a huge marble mausoleum. Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) has French colonial landmarks, plus Vietnamese War history museums and the Củ Chi tunnels, used by Viet Cong soldiers.

Flag of Vietnam

COUNTRY FACTS

POPULATION

83,305,000

CAPITAL

Hanoi (3,977,000)

GDP PER CAPITA

U.S. $2,300

LANGUAGE

Vietnamese, English, French, Chinese, Khmer

RELIGION

Buddhist, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian, indigenous beliefs

LIFE EXPECTANCY

72

AREA

331,114 square kilometers (127,844 square miles)

LITERACY PERCENT

94

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LOCATIONS EXPERIENCED

Vietnam -Binh Thuan-UNIDO Workshops-18198 COVER

BINH THUAN

Bình Thuận is a province on Vietnam’s southeast coast, east of Ho Chi Minh City. The capital city of Phan Thiết has a harbor full of colorful boats and beaches such as Hòn Rơm and Bai Rang. Its Vạn Thuỷ Tú Temple houses dozens of whale skeletons. To the east, the medieval Po Sah Inư tower ruins are vestiges of the region’s Champa kingdom. Further east, the resort town of Mũi Né has a lively early morning market.

Vietnam -Ha Noi July-Tourism-Other pictures Hanoi-20663 COVER

HA NOI

Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is known for its centuries-old architecture and a rich culture with Southeast Asian, Chinese and French influences. At its heart is the chaotic Old Quarter, where the narrow streets are roughly arranged by trade. There are many little temples, including Bach Ma, honoring a legendary horse, and the Đồng Xuân Market, selling household goods and street food.

Vietnam -Hai Duong-Other pictures Hai Duong-20597 COVER

HAI DUONG

Hải Dương is a province in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. Its name derives from Sino-Vietnamese "ocean", though the modern province is in fact landlocked.

Vietnam-Ho Chi Minh City -Tourism-Cathedral Notre Dame de Saigon-19473 COVER

HO CHI MINH CITY (SAIGON)

Ho Chi Minh City formerly known as Saigon) is a city in southern Vietnam, famous for the pivotal role it played in the Vienam War. It is also known for its French colonial landmarks, including Notre-Dame Cathedral, made entirely of materials imported from France, and the 19th-century Central Post Office. Food stalls line the city’s streets, especially around bustling Bến Thành Market.

Vietnam -Lao Cai-UNIDO Workshops-6534 COVER

LAO CAI

Lào Cai is a province in the northwest of Vietnam. It is known for its mountains, rivers, waterfalls and ethnic hill tribes. The province's towering peaks include Fansipan and dragon-jaw-shaped Hàm Rồng Mountain, which offers panoramic views and gardens with hundreds of orchids. The town of Sa Pa, in the Hoàng Liên Son mountains, overlooks the terraced rice fields and ancient stone engravings of the Muong Hoa Valley.

Vietnam -Mui Ne-16314 COVER

MUI NE

Mũi Né is a beach resort town along the South China Sea in Southeast Vietnam. With a long, palm-lined stretch of sand, it has steady wind conditions (in the dry season) that make it a top destination for windsurfing, kitesurfing, sailing and other water sports. It is also a popular weekend getaway from Ho Chi Minh City, with a busy strip of hotels, restaurants and shops.

Vietnam -Nha Trang-20801 COVER

NHA TRANG

Nha Trang is a coastal resort city in southern Vietnam, known for its beaches, diving sites and offshore islands. Its main beach is a long, curving stretch along Tran Phu Street backed by a promenade, hotels and seafood restaurants. Aerial cable cars cross over to Hòn Tre Island, and the nature reserves of Hòn Mun and Hòn Tằm islands, reachable by boat, have coral reefs.

Vietnam -Phan Thiet-20537 COVER

PHAN THIET

Phan Thiết is a coastal port city in Southeast Vietnam and the capital of the Bình Thuận Province. At its center is a fishing port with a harbor full of colorful boats, vibrant outdoor markets and seafood restaurants. It is also home to landmarks including the Vạn Thủy Tú Temple, honoring whales and housing skeletons of these locally-revered sea creatures.

Vietnam -Sa Pa-Other pictures Sa Pa-20765 COVER

SA PA

Sa Pa is a town in the Hoàng Liên Son Mountains of northwestern Vietnam. A popular trekking base, it overlooks the terraced rice fields of the Muong Hoa Valley, and is near the 3,143m-tall Phang Xi Pang peak, which is climbable via a steep, multiday guided walk. Hill tribes, such as the Hmong, Tay and Dao, make up much of the town's local population.

Vietnam -Thai Nguyen-City center-20979 COVER

THAI NGUYEN

Thái Nguyên is a city and municipality in Vietnam. It is the capital and largest city of the Thái Nguyên Province, and has long been famous throughout Vietnam for its tea.

BINH THUAN

Vietnam -Binh Thuan-UNIDO Workshops-18198 COVER

Bình Thuận is a province on Vietnam’s southeast coast, east of Ho Chi Minh City. The capital city of Phan Thiết has a harbor full of colorful boats and beaches such as Hòn Rơm and Bai Rang. Its Vạn Thuỷ Tú Temple houses dozens of whale skeletons. To the east, the medieval Po Sah Inư tower ruins are vestiges of the region’s Champa kingdom. Further east, the resort town of Mũi Né has a lively early morning market.

HA NOI

Vietnam -Ha Noi July-Tourism-Other pictures Hanoi-20663 COVER

Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is known for its centuries-old architecture and a rich culture with Southeast Asian, Chinese and French influences. At its heart is the chaotic Old Quarter, where the narrow streets are roughly arranged by trade. There are many little temples, including Bach Ma, honoring a legendary horse, and the Đồng Xuân Market, selling household goods and street food.

HAI DUONG

Vietnam -Hai Duong-Other pictures Hai Duong-20597 COVER

Hải Dương is a province in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. Its name derives from Sino-Vietnamese "ocean", though the modern province is in fact landlocked.

HO CHI MINH CITY (SAIGON)

Vietnam-Ho Chi Minh City -Tourism-Cathedral Notre Dame de Saigon-19473 COVER

Ho Chi Minh City formerly known as Saigon) is a city in southern Vietnam, famous for the pivotal role it played in the Vienam War. It is also known for its French colonial landmarks, including Notre-Dame Cathedral, made entirely of materials imported from France, and the 19th-century Central Post Office. Food stalls line the city’s streets, especially around bustling Bến Thành Market.

LAO CAI

Vietnam -Lao Cai-UNIDO Workshops-6534 COVER

Lào Cai is a province in the northwest of Vietnam. It is known for its mountains, rivers, waterfalls and ethnic hill tribes. The province's towering peaks include Fansipan and dragon-jaw-shaped Hàm Rồng Mountain, which offers panoramic views and gardens with hundreds of orchids. The town of Sa Pa, in the Hoàng Liên Son mountains, overlooks the terraced rice fields and ancient stone engravings of the Muong Hoa Valley.

MUI NE

Vietnam -Mui Ne-16314 COVER

Mũi Né is a beach resort town along the South China Sea in Southeast Vietnam. With a long, palm-lined stretch of sand, it has steady wind conditions (in the dry season) that make it a top destination for windsurfing, kitesurfing, sailing and other water sports. It is also a popular weekend getaway from Ho Chi Minh City, with a busy strip of hotels, restaurants and shops.

NHA TRANG

Vietnam -Nha Trang-20801 COVER

Nha Trang is a coastal resort city in southern Vietnam, known for its beaches, diving sites and offshore islands. Its main beach is a long, curving stretch along Tran Phu Street backed by a promenade, hotels and seafood restaurants. Aerial cable cars cross over to Hòn Tre Island, and the nature reserves of Hòn Mun and Hòn Tằm islands, reachable by boat, have coral reefs.

PHAN THIET

Vietnam -Phan Thiet-20537 COVER

Phan Thiết is a coastal port city in Southeast Vietnam and the capital of the Bình Thuận Province. At its center is a fishing port with a harbor full of colorful boats, vibrant outdoor markets and seafood restaurants. It is also home to landmarks including the Vạn Thủy Tú Temple, honoring whales and housing skeletons of these locally-revered sea creatures.

SA PA

Vietnam -Sa Pa-Other pictures Sa Pa-20765 COVER

Sa Pa is a town in the Hoàng Liên Son Mountains of northwestern Vietnam. A popular trekking base, it overlooks the terraced rice fields of the Muong Hoa Valley, and is near the 3,143m-tall Phang Xi Pang peak, which is climbable via a steep, multiday guided walk. Hill tribes, such as the Hmong, Tay and Dao, make up much of the town's local population.

THAI NGUYEN

Vietnam -Thai Nguyen-City center-20979 COVER

Thái Nguyên is a city and municipality in Vietnam. It is the capital and largest city of the Thái Nguyên Province, and has long been famous throughout Vietnam for its tea.

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